Many elderly people become paralyzed once they reach a certain age or experience some kind of accident. Having a paralyzed elderly person in the home is undoubtedly hard for the family members because the elderly need to be carefully taken care of by the family members in terms of food, clothing, housing and transportation. Don't keep the patient in bed all the time, take a wheelchair if you can, go out for fresh air every day, look and talk in the community garden. Here, the adult diaper manufacturer will introduce you to the care knowledge of the paralyzed elderly.
Paralysis will bring a heavy burden of thought to the elderly, so we should do mental comfort to the elderly. The old man is always lying down and must be in a very bad mood, easily generating pessimism and even misanthropy. When taking care of the elderly, regardless of the situation, we must understand the mood of the elderly, to comfort, persuasion, guidance.
Encourage the patient to establish confidence in overcoming the disease, actively cooperate with the family and medical staff, and insist on the exercise of the paralyzed limbs to prevent joint deformity and muscle atrophy.
2、Living self-care and occupational ability training
When paralysis improves, patients should actively exercise daily living skills; medical staff and family members should give correct guidance and enthusiastic help, and encourage patients to do things within their ability as much as possible, such as taking off and putting on clothes, washing face, eating, etc.
Regularly measure body temperature and blood pressure, and keep records of food, water, urination and defecation, so as to provide first-hand information for the patient when abnormalities occur.
3、Be careful with diet
To eat different diets according to different conditions, such as liquid, semi-liquid or ordinary diet, you can consult the hospital doctor. The general principle is to be easy to digest, rich in nutrients, the amount of protein should be sufficient, fat should not be too much, all kinds of nutrients, vitamins and salts should be balanced. The elderly are more prone to constipation when they are bedridden, so it is important to eat fiber in the food, and to eat some vegetables and fruits to keep the bowels open.
Give a hot drink (such as hot water, tea, milk, etc.) before breakfast to promote bowel movement. To promote bowel movement, you can also massage the abdomen, from the lower right to the upper right, turn to the upper left and then to the lower left, 5-10 times per massage. Medication can be administered as prescribed by the doctor in case of constipation. On sunny days, you can take the patient out in the sun.
4、Keep the room tidy
The room should be ventilated at least 20 minutes a day, twice a day incense, adult diapers recommended, can be placed in the patient's room charcoal adsorption turbidity, keep the entire room air clean and smell fragrant, because the fragrance can greatly soothe the patient's emotions. If you have conditions, you can put some potted plants indoors, which can beautify the environment and regulate the air.
5, to prevent complications
Elderly female patients, especially those who are incontinent, are prone to urinary tract infections, and even upstream to the entire urinary tract infection, so such elderly people should pay more attention to the cleanliness of the pubic area.
Patients should be encouraged to drink more water for the purpose of urinary tract cleansing. And pay attention to the cleanliness of the perineum to prevent cross-infection. Cloudy urine and fever are signs of urinary tract infections, and expert care should be sought early.
When bed sores appear on the body, keep the sores clean to keep them from spreading and smelling. If it's too late to go to the hospital, you can buy some cephalosporin and disinfect the sores with medical alcohol first, then remove the plastic shell outside the cephalosporin, pour the powder inside on the gauze in the middle of the band-aid and stick it on the sores, which can play the role of sterilization and anti-inflammation and reduce swelling.
6、Strengthening paralyzed limb activities
Exercises for paralyzed patients include limb massage, passive activities and sitting up, standing and walking exercises to prevent limb deformities and contractures. Frequent activities and massage of the affected limbs can keep the blood flowing back effectively.
Help the patient to turn and pat the back 4~6 times a day regularly for about 10 minutes each time. Once the patient is found to cough yellow sputum, fever, shortness of breath and blue lips, he/she should be consulted by expert medical personnel immediately.
Daily massage from the extremities to the heart for 10~15 minutes each time to promote venous blood flow back and prevent deep vein thrombosis. Once unexplained fever, swelling and pain in the lower extremities are found, they should be seen and treated quickly.
Patients who are paralyzed in bed are prone to pressure sores at the occipital ridge, scapula, hip, sacrococcygeal, heel and other skeletal prominences. Use soft pillows or sponge pads to protect the bony prominences, turn over every 2-3 hours, avoid dragging and pushing, keep the bed dry and clean, and massage with warm water regularly to improve local blood circulation.